Rosacea is a common skin disorder affecting the face. Commonly misdiagnosed as adult acne, rosacea symptoms can negatively affect one’s self-esteem and if left untreated, can worsen and possibly develop into a disfiguring condition known as rhinophyma (bulbous nose).
Symptoms of rosacea include redness and dilated vessels over the nose, cheeks and chin. In some cases, papules and pustules are also present. In rhinophyma cases, the skin of the nose begins to overdevelop and is accompanied by enlarged and dilated blood vessels, giving the nose a bulbous appearance.
There is no definitive cause for rosacea. It generally affects adults between the ages of 30 and 50 and is found more predominantly in women. Possible causes have been attributed to genetics and the presence of Demodex mites. Flushing and flare-ups are triggered by nervousness and anxiety, temperature extremes, and certain foods such as red wine. Although there is no cure for rosacea, there are effect options for treating and managing its symptoms.